1840

Missouri Medical College founded as part of Kemper College. Noted surgeon Joseph Nash McDowell was its dean.

1842

St. Louis Medical College founded as part of Saint Louis University (separated from SLU in 1855). Its early lead surgeon was Charles Alexander Pope.

1891

St. Louis Medical College becomes Medical Department of Washington University (Washington University School of Medicine established).

1902

Jewish Hospital opens.

1910

Training of urologic surgeons begins with appointment of John Caulk as professor of clinical genitourinary surgery.

Frederick T. Murphy, MD
1914-19

1914

Barnes Hospital opens. Frederick Murphy appointed surgeon-in-chief.

Evarts A. Graham, MD
1919-51

1919

Evarts Graham appointed first Bixby Professor and full-time chairman of the Department of Surgery. Soon after, he establishes “chest service” for thoracic surgery. Graham serves until 1951.

1924

Department researchers develop cholecystography for visualization of the gallbladder.

1925

Vilray Blair appointed first division chief of plastic and reconstructive surgery.

1931

Construction completed on Rand-Johnson Surgical Wing at Barnes Hospital.

1933

Evarts Graham performs first successful one-stage pneumonectomy for cancer.

1942

James Barrett Brown joins U.S. Army as European Senior Consultant in Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery. Brown assembles a large team of plastic surgeons to treat wounded veterans returning from World War II, leading to new techniques and strengthening plastic surgeons’ role in hand reconstruction.

Carl A. Moyer, MD
1951-65

1951

Carl Moyer named chairman. He serves until 1965.

1953

Justin Cordonnier becomes first full-time head of urologic surgery.

1962

Washington University Medical Center established.

1963

William Newton performs Barnes Hospital’s first kidney transplant.

Walter F. Ballinger, MD
1967-78

1967

Walter Ballinger named chairman. He serves until 1978.

1968

Separate clinical service for pediatric cardiothoracic patients created at St. Louis Children’s Hospital.

1972

Pediatric surgery division established.

1973

Kidney transplant program established at Barnes Hospital.

Samuel A. Wells, Jr., MD
1981-97

1981

Samuel Wells Jr. named chairman. He serves until 1997.

1985

Washington University surgeons establish world’s 16th liver transplant program at Barnes Hospital.

1987

Researchers in cardiothoracic surgery division led by James Cox develop surgical cure for atrial fibrillation.

1988

Cardiothoracic surgery division creates separate service for general thoracic surgery.

1990

Urologic surgery division performs first laparoscopic nephrectomy.

1993

Washington University Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery (WUIMIS) established.

1996

Barnes-Jewish Hospital created by merger of Barnes Hospital and The Jewish Hospital of St. Louis.

1996

Washington University transplant surgeons at Barnes-Jewish Hospital perform first adult-to-adult living donor liver transplant in the United States.

Timothy J. Eberlein, MD
1998-

1998

Current Bixby Professor and chairman Timothy Eberlein appointed.

1999

Timothy Eberlein appointed director of the Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine.

2001

Opening of Center for Advanced Medicine adjacent to the old Jewish Hospital as site for providing state-of-the-art outpatient care.

2004

New modified Cox-Maze procedure for atrial fibrillation – developed by Washington University cardiac surgeons – shown to be as effective as traditional open procedure.

2005

Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center designated a Comprehensive Cancer Center by National Cancer Institute.

2005

Twenty-eight new operating rooms, cardiothoracic ICU open at Barnes-Jewish Hospital as part of three-year renewal project.

2007

Section of Minimally Invasive Surgery established within the Division of General Surgery.

2008

First U.S. incision-free procedure for obesity performed at Washington University.

2010

Division of Public Health Sciences founded to prevent disease, promote health and improve quality and access to health care.

2012

Nerve transplant pioneer Susan Mackinnon, MD, develops nerve transfer technique to restore hand function in quadriplegic patient.

2014

Transplant surgeons publish 10-year study supporting retrieval of organs from donors in a regional stand-alone facility, which is less costly than hospital-based retrieval.